Roman settlement and buildings from later
A trip through the history of the local architecture
Meeting point will be determined.
The tour starts in an area of three settlements – Nida, Römerstadt and Nordweststadt.
Nida is the name of a real roman city, which was founded in the year 110 in this area. Information signs in the actual ‘Römerstadt’ refer to it. The housing area ‘Römerstadt’ was built in the 1920’s under the direction of the architect Ernst May, as a prototype for workers’ housing. Work is underway to change one house into a museum.
In the neighborhood is the ‘Nordweststadt’, a housing area developed according to the urban planning principles of the sixties, with segregation of functions (housing, work, leisure) and separation of traffic ways (pedestrian and cars)
Walking by bus or by U-Bahn (subway, underground) we will reach the housing area ‘Hinter den Ulmen’, which is designed by Bauhaus architect Walter Gropius. Close to it there is the housing area ‘Höhenblick’ also a project of Ernst May, and his former private house, as well as the private house of Martin Elsässer, another famous architect from the twenties. (We will visit both from the outside only.)
The building of the ‘Hessische Rundfunk’ (radio station of the state of Hesse) was built in 1948 as a parliament for the federal republic of Germany, when it was not yet decided if the capitol would be Frankfurt or Bonn. Bonn was eventually chosen, so the building was used as a broadcast station and is now an example of architecture from the fifties.
Building for flexibility of use appears by 1931 in the architect Hans Poelzig’s finished headquarters for IG Farben (chemical industry involved in crimes committed by the Nazis). After the war it functioned as the headquarters of the American Army in Germany, and now it is the main building of the Johann Wolfgang von Goethe University.
Duration: 3 hours, walking
The tour is a proposal, changes are possible.
1928 Ernst May u.a
Geschwister Scholl school
1929 Martin Elsaesser
Housing area Höhenblick
1926 Ernst May u.a.
Main building J.W. von Goethe Universität
1931 Hans Poelzig